Areas Related To Circles

Home / Boards / CBSE / Important Questions / Class 10 / Maths / Areas Related To Circles

Class 10 Math Chapter 11
Areas Related To Circles
Important Questions

Here are some important questions for Class 10 Mathematics Chapter 11, Areas Related to Circles, carefully selected to help students prepare effectively for the CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Examination in 2023-24. By practicing these varied problems, students can better understand the concepts of Areas Related to Circles and improve their problem-solving skills. These questions aim to clarify doubts and enhance performance in the chapter.

Introduction

In Chapter 11 of Class 10 Mathematics, Areas Related To Circles, we explore concepts related to the Area of Sectors and Segments of a circle. The problems in this chapter focus on calculating the areas and perimeters (or circumferences) of these plane figures. When calculating the area of a segment of a circle, the problems are restricted to central angles of 60°, 90°, and 120°. This chapter delves into understanding how to find the areas of different portions of a circle, as well as solving problems that involve both areas and perimeters/circumferences.

What is the area of a sector of a circle?

Ans: The area of a sector of a circle is the region enclosed by an arc and two radii of the circle. It is calculated using the formula, A = (θ/360) × πr²,\\ where ‘θ’ is the central angle and ‘r’ is the radius.
cbse class 10 maths Surface area and volume important questions and answers

Class 10 Areas Related To Circles Important Questions and Answers:

Q1. In the given figure, if ∠AOD = 135°, then ∠BOC is equal to:
areas_related_to_circles_Q1
(a) 52.5°
(b) 45°
(c) 62.5°
(d) 25°

Ans.(b) 45°
Explanation:
Given, ∠AOD = 135°
∴ ∠BOC = 180° – 135° = 45°
Since, angles subtended at the center by a pair of opposite sides are supplementary.

Q2. To show the minor segment of a circle, a student shades the region enclosed between a chord and the minor arc. Which of these shows the region the student could have shaded?
Options
(a)
Areas Related To Circles Q1_1
(b)
Areas Related To Circles Q1_2
(c)
(d)

Ans. (b) 1:64

Areas Related To Circles Ans1

Explanation:
The shaded region consists of a chord and the arcs of the circle. The region in the white has the major arc, so it is the major segment and the shaded region consists of the minor arc, so it is the minor segment.

Q3.From each of the two adjacent corners of a square of side 8 cm, a quadrant of a circle of radius 1.4 cm is cut. Another circle of radius 4.2 cm is also cut from the center as shown in the given figure. Find the area of the remaining portion of the square.
\bigg (\text{Use π =} \dfrac{22}{7} \bigg)

Ans. \text{Area = 5.48 cm}^2

Explanation:

Given, AB = BC = CD = DA = 8 cm,
AM = AN = PB = QB = 1.4 cm and radius of circle with center O = 4.2 cm
Thus, area of the remaining portion
= Area of ABCD
- [Area of circle + 2 Area of quadrants] \\= 8 × 8 - \bigg \{\dfrac{22}{7}(4.2)^2 + 2 × \dfrac{1}{4}× \dfrac{22}{7} (1.4)^2 \bigg\}\\ \text{= 64 - (55.44 + 3.08) cm}^2\\ \text{= 5.48 cm}^2

Q4. The length of the minute hand of a clock is 14 cm. Find the area swept by the minute hand in 5 minutes.

Ans. Area swept by the minute hand in covering 5 minutes = \text{51.33 cm}^2

Explanation:
Given, length of the minute hand = r = 14 cm
Total number of divisions in the clock = 12
Hence the angle subtended at the center between two digits covering five minutes = \dfrac{360^o}{12}= 30^o\\ Hence, area swept by the minute hand in covering 5 minutes \\ = \dfrac{\theta}{360^o} \pi r^2 \\[4.5 bp] = \dfrac{30^o}{360^o} × \dfrac{22}{7}× (14)^2\\[4.5 bp] =\dfrac{154}{3} \\[4.5 bp] = 51.33 cm^3.

Q5. From a thin metallic piece in the shape of a trapezium ABCD in which AB || CD and ∠BCD = 90°, a quarter circle BFEC is removed as shown in the figure. Given, AB = BC = 3.5 cm and DE = 2 cm, calculate the area of the remaining part of the metal sheet.
Areas Related To Circles Q5

Ans. Area of the remaining part of the metal sheet \text{= 6.125 cm}^2 \\ Explanation:
Given, AB =BC =3.5 cm and DE = 2 cm
As BC and EC are the radii of the circle, so
BC = EC
Thus, DC = (3.5+2) cm
= 5.5 cm
Hence , area of remaining part of the metal sheet
= Area of the trapezium - Area of the quadrant
= \dfrac{1}{2}× \text{(sum of parallel sides)}\\[4.5 bp] × \text{(distance between parallel sides )-} \dfrac{1}{4}\pi r^2 \\[4.5 bp] = \dfrac{1}{2} (3.5 + 5.5)× 3.5 - \dfrac{1}{4} × \dfrac{22}{7} × (3.5)^2 \\[4.5 bp]= \dfrac{1}{2}× 9 × 3.5 - \dfrac{11×0.5×3.5}{2}\\[4.5 bp]= \dfrac{31.5}{2}-\dfrac{19.25}{2}\\[4.5 bp] = \dfrac{12.25}{2}\\[4.5 bp] = 6.125 \text{cm}^2

CBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter wise Important Questions

Conclusion

To enhance your understanding of the Areas Related to Circles chapter, consider exploring oswal.io. This website provides a variety of practice questions designed to facilitate effective learning. By working on these questions, you can improve your grasp of circle-related concepts and enhance your problem-solving skills in this crucial math topic.

Frequently Asked Questions

Ans: A segment of a circle is the region bounded by an arc and a chord. It is like a “slice” of the circle. There are minor and major segments.
Ans: The area of a circle is used in various real-life scenarios, such as calculating the area of circular fields, pools, circular objects, and designing circular structures.
Ans: The perimeter (circumference) of a sector consists of the arc’s length and two radii. The area of the sector includes the region enclosed by the arc and radii.
Ans: For a major segment, subtract the area of a triangle from the area of a sector, while for a minor segment, add the area of a triangle to the area of a sector.
Ans: The area of a sector is directly proportional to the measure of its central angle. If two sectors have the same central angle, their areas will be proportional to the squares of their radii.